General practitioners (GPs) provide primary care to patients of all ages and are often the first point of contact for medical issues. They diagnose and treat common medical conditions, provide preventive care, and refer patients to specialists when needed.
Internists, or doctors of internal medicine, provide comprehensive care for adults, including diagnosing and treating complex medical conditions, managing chronic diseases, and promoting preventive care.
Obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) specialize in the care of women's reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth, menstrual and hormonal issues, fertility, and gynecological surgeries.
Pediatricians specialize in the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. They diagnose and treat childhood illnesses, provide vaccinations, monitor growth and development, and offer preventive care for pediatric patients.
Dermatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer. They may perform skin biopsies, prescribe medications, and provide cosmetic dermatology services.
Orthopedic surgeons diagnose and treat musculoskeletal conditions, including bone fractures, joint disorders, sports injuries, and spine conditions. They may perform surgical procedures such as joint replacements and bone repairs.
Psychiatrists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. They may provide therapy, prescribe medications, and offer other treatments for mental health conditions.
Neurologists diagnose and treat conditions related to the nervous system, including disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. They may manage conditions such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and Parkinson's disease.
Ophthalmologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of eye conditions and diseases, such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. They may perform eye surgeries, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide comprehensive eye care.
Otolaryngologists, also known as ENT specialists, diagnose and treat conditions related to the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck, such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, hearing loss, and vocal cord disorders. They may perform surgeries, prescribe medications, and provide other treatments for ENT-related issues.
Urologists diagnose and treat conditions related to the urinary tract and male reproductive systems, such as urinary incontinence, kidney stones, prostate issues, and infertility. They may perform surgeries, prescribe medications, and offer other urological treatments.
Emergency medicine physicians diagnose and treat acute medical conditions and injuries in emergency settings, such as hospitals or urgent care centers. They provide immediate medical care, stabilize patients, and coordinate with other specialists for further treatment.